NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) has captured a near-perfect ‘Einstein ring’, a bull’s-eye pattern that forms when light from a galaxy or star passes through another galaxy or massive object, 12 billion light-years from Earth – One year’s light is about six trillion miles away.
Albert Einstein first predicted in 1915, the formation of the glowing circle because light from a distant galaxy, called SPT-S J041839-4751.8, is bent around another galaxy closer to Earth.
Astronomers have detected hundreds of Einstein’s rings, but in order for JWST to capture the luminous ring around the bright, blue light, it must be perfectly aligned with the galaxy.
Thomas Collette, of the University of Portsmouth’s Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, who discovered another Einstein ring in 2018, explained that the two galaxies also line up along the telescope’s line of sight in order to create a ‘phenomenon’ called strong gravitational lensing, in which we see multiple images of the background galaxy.
Einstein’s amazing ring was spotted by NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope. It is located 12 billion light years from Earth
In 1915, German-born Einstein claimed that gravity is the result of massive objects distorting the fabric of the universe, which he called spacetime.
Experts have since been able to test his theory of general relativity inside the solar system and prove that his groundbreaking work is under scrutiny, which was found among hundreds of Einstein’s rings.
The physicist’s theory of general relativity states that massive objects distort spacetime. And in the case of Einstein’s ring, light from a distant galaxy wraps around another galaxy – causing distortion.
The image, although taken by JWST, was shared by Redditor Spaceguy44 who has been researching the raw data and coloring the images to share with the world.
Albert Einstein first predicted in 1915 that the near-perfect circle formed because light from a distant galaxy, called SPT-S J041839-4751.8, is bent around another galaxy back to Earth.
Pictured is the same as Einstein’s ring, only differently colored
The glowing formation was captured by the telescope’s NIRCam (near infrared camera), which is designed to capture light from the oldest stars and galaxies.
This is how NASA hopes to learn more about the early universe and the Big Bang.
Spaceguy44 shows that the distant galaxy has been distorted into a perfect ring by a massive foreground galaxy.
In 1915, Albert Einstein claimed that gravity is the result of massive bodies that spoil the fabric of the universe, which he called spacetime.
This happens when the background galaxy, the foreground galaxy, and the observer line up perfectly. This means that J0418 is actually located just behind the foreground galaxy, a Redditor shared.
We would not be able to see J0418 without the gravitational bending properties of light. Without the lens effect, a galaxy would likely look like distant galaxies: a tiny point of light.
Last August, another Einstein ring was spotted 3.4 billion light-years from Earth.
The image shows six bright spots of light clustered in the center, four of which form a circle around a central pair.
However, the formation only consists of two galaxies and one distant quasar that is magnified as it passes through the gravitational field of the galaxies.
The quasar, known as 2M1310-1714, is located farther from Earth than the pair of galaxies.
Last August, another Einstein ring (pictured) was spotted 3.4 billion light-years from Earth. The image shows six bright spots of light clustered in the center, four of which form a circle around a central pair
A quasar is the very bright core of an active galaxy and its powerful glow is produced by the massive amounts of energy radiating from the gas falling into the supermassive black hole at its center.
The light emitted by the quasar is reflected around the galaxy pair due to their enormous mass, giving the incredible appearance that the galaxy pair is surrounded by four quasars – when in fact, one quasar star lies far from them,” the European Space Agency (ESA) said in a statement.
Einstein’s general theory of relativity
Albert Einstein (pictured) published his general theory of relativity in 1915
In 1905, Albert Einstein decided that the laws of physics were the same for all non-accelerating observers, and that the speed of light in a vacuum was independent of the motion of all observers – known as special relativity.
This pioneering work provided a new framework for all physics, and proposed new concepts of space and time.
He then spent 10 years trying to include acceleration in the theory, finally publishing his theory of general relativity in 1915.
This determined that massive objects cause a distortion of spacetime, which is felt by gravity.
At its simplest, it can be thought of as a giant rubber sheet with a bowling ball in the middle.
Pictured are the original historical documents relating to Einstein’s prediction of the existence of gravitational waves, shown at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
As the ball wraps the plates, the planet of the space-time fabric bends, creating a force that we feel like gravity.
Anything that comes close to the body falls towards it due to the impact.
Einstein predicted that if two massive objects came together, they would create a massive ripple in space-time that could be detected on Earth.
It was recently featured in the hit movie Interstellar.
In a clip that watched the crew visit a planet within the gravitational grip of a massive black hole, the event slowed time dramatically.
Crew members on this planet are barely aging while those on board were decades older on their return.
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